Breast Cancer

 

Complete Breast Cancer Care

Being diagnosed with breast cancer is a scary and overwhelming experience. Our goal is to be your support system and guide you along every step of your journey! We want you to feel informed, comfortable, and in charge of your treatment plan. Dr. Wegge is double board-certified in general surgery and plastic surgery, and uniquely provides both breast cancer removal and reconstruction in one practice.

Cancer occurs as a result of mutations – atypical changes in the genes responsible for regulating cell growth and keeping them healthy.  Most often, the disease begins in the cells of the lobes (glands that produce milk) or in the ducts (through which milk from the lobes enters the nipple).

Symptoms:

  • lump in the chest, different from surrounding tissue;
  • changes in the size, shape, or appearance of the mammary gland;
  • skin changes, peeling, retraction of a certain area;
  • retracted nipple;
  • redness of the breast;
  • skin resembling an orange peel.

Typically, breast cancer stage is indicated by a number on a scale from 0 to IV, with stage 0 describing non-invasive cancer, and stage IV – an invasive disease that has spread to other parts of the body.

When choosing a method of operation, specialists plan in advance the option to restore the shape and volume of the mammary gland. Surgical treatment involves two approaches: the method of breast reconstruction depends on them directly.

Lumpectomy – partial removal of the mammary gland;
Mastectomy
 – complete removal of the mammary gland.

The need for a mastectomy occurs if:

  • the patient has small breasts;
  • the tumor has grown into the skin or chest wall;
  • the tumor is very large;
  • the tumor is spread throughout the chest.

Chemotherapy can be prescribed both after the operation and before it. The goal of preoperative chemotherapy is to reduce the primary tumor so that it is possible to remove the formation while preserving the breast (lumpectomy).
After surgery, chemotherapy is prescribed to destroy metastases and suppress them in the future.

Reconstruction

Reconstructive surgery will allow a woman to avoid worries due to deformation or loss of a breast.

Breast recovery options:

  • Simultaneous – performed immediately after removal of the formation during the operation;
  • Delayed – performed after all stages of treatment.

Reconstructive operations also differ in the type of tissue that is used to restore the breast. Depending on the specific situation, either the body’s own tissues or permanent or temporary implants are used.